Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, is a plant of the Cannabaceae family cultivated for either its bast fiber or its edible seeds. Industrial hemp is also known as hemp and is a short-day crop. A popular misconception is that hemp and Cannabis, the plants from which marijuana and hashish are derived, are identical.
Hemp is not Cannabis, however. Although all three products—hemp, marijuana, and hashish—contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a chemical that generates euphoric effects in humans, the strain of Cannabis used to make hemp contains significantly less THC than that used to produce marijuana and hashish.
Three unique species of plants belonging to the Cannabis genus, often known as the Cannabaceae family, are known for producing various products.
However, monoecious hemp is better for the harvest of both fiber and seed, it is considered that dioecious genotypes are superior for fiber production from hemp short-day crops. This is also because of the biological function of hemp plants. Successful application of hormones such as abscisic acid can alter the life cycle.
Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis are all included in this classification. Strains of Cannabis cultivated exclusively for hemp include 0.3 percent or less THC. Varieties of marijuana contain more than 0.3% THC. THC can induce a high when consumed in sufficient quantities.
The majority of the edible parts of the hemp plant are the seeds. The leaves can be used to make tea, but the seeds carry most of the plant’s nutrients. Hemp seeds possess nearly 30 percent fat, of which some are considered essential fatty acids. 2 Therefore, the majority of the potential health benefits of hemp are located in the hemp plant seeds.
Hemp seeds, a major class of hemp products, provide a considerable quantity of several nutrients. These seeds, which are technically classed as nuts and found on the hemp plant, are edible and are safe to produce milk, oil, cheese substitutes, and protein powder.
Although hemp and marijuana, both are extracted from the same plant, hemp seeds contain minimal quantities of the psychoactive THC. Since ancient times, the seeds have been consumed orally and applied topically to treat and prevent a wide range of health issues. Numerous assumptions are supported by a growing body of recent clinical research.
Hemp seeds are a fantastic substitute for the protein, vital fatty acids, and other nutritional benefits found in meat and dairy products because of their nutty flavor and flexibility. Additionally, hemp seeds have a smaller environmental impact than meat and dairy products.
Hemp seeds can be consumed as :
Raw, roasted, or otherwise prepared.
Hemp hearts that has been covered with shells
Through cold pressing, hemp seeds are removed from their oil
Used to make non-dairy hemp milk and hemp cheese.
Hemp seeds have the following nutrients:
- Vitamin E
Additionally, hemp heart seeds contain abundant amounts of the essential fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6.
Several studies indicate that hemp seeds’ ideal ratio of fatty acids is three to one. These fatty acids maintain appropriate cholesterol, blood pressure, and immune system function and may aid in metabolic regulation when present in this proportion.